Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Mitchell Moore


Research has shown that individuals who have experienced trauma are more likely to abuse substances. Alcohol and other drugs can be used as a means to cope with distressing symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder such as intrusive memories, anxiety, and feelings of selfblame and low self-esteem. Complex trauma or early childhood trauma is defined by repeated exposures to traumatic experiences over a prolonged period of time. The perpetrator is often a caregiver or trusted individual and the trauma affects multiple areas of one’s life. The Seeking Safety treatment manual and Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy have both been used to treat individuals with trauma. The purpose of this capstone is to demonstrate how aspects of the current TF-CBT protocol and The Seeking Safety treatment manual can be utilized in an 8-week group treatment with supplemental individual sessions to treat addiction and complex trauma at a residential addiction treatment facility with adult males.

Unique Identifier



Educational use only. All copyright protections apply.



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