Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Counselor Education - Graduate Studies

First Advisor

Anquinetta V. Calhoun Ph.D.


Winona, Minnesota


The COVID-19 pandemic created a significantly different world for infants and very young children to grow and develop their social and emotional skills. These infants are now today’s toddlers. They were born or spent the earliest months of their lives in a society that was lacking the naturally occurring social and emotional experiences that children have had in the past. Research on the social and emotional development of young children since the COVID-19 pandemic is lacking greatly. This is due to how close the lived experiences of a pandemic for society are to the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic created unique situations and it will take time to fully understand its repercussions. However, research is starting to put the pieces together of the big picture of development



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