The internet is a key part of identity exploration and the coming out process for LGBTQ+ youth and young adults. While the internet offers the benefits of allowing individuals to participate in LGBTQ+ identity formation, community development, and affirming sex education no matter where they live, it also presents challenges. These challenges include the potential for internet addiction, the possibility of encountering cyberbullying and derogatory language and hate speech online, and misinformation about sex. To help clients who are LGBTQ+ youth and young adults using the internet in their coming out process, counselors will need to know how to navigate both positive and negative influences that the internet can have on the mental health and overall wellbeing of these clients. Counselors should also be aware of the different needs of adolescents and young adults, as well as interventions relating to internet addiction, developing additional coping skills, and advocacy.

Date of Award

Fall 12-1-2020

Document Type

Capstone Paper

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Dr. Mary Fawcett



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