Presentation Title

Personality and Career Study

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McKenna MillerFollow

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Abstract

Background. Success is a goal that many people strive for. It is important to understand which factors such as personality traits lead to success and if success in an academic setting can predict success in a career setting. This is because being a successful individual can lead to both physical and psychological benefits. If someone can learn about how to become more successful, they can acknowledge their strengths and weakness and implement changes into their life. Therefore, it was hypothesized that greater academic success will predict greater career success. Furthermore, there will be a significant positive correlation between academic success and conscientiousness and there will be a significant positive correlation between career success and conscientiousness, and extraversion. Lastly, there will be a significant decrease in career success during COVID-19 than before COVID-19.

Methods. Participants (N = 353, MAge = 45.69, SD = 15.98) completed an online survey, answering questions about academic success, career success (before and during COVID), and personality. A linear regression and correlations were computed to understand the relationship between these variables. A paired samples t-test was performed to determine career success before and during COVID.

Results. A positive and significant correlation was found between academic success and extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, open mindedness, and career success (both before and during COVID). A negative and significant correlation was found between academic success and negative emotionality. A positive and significant correlation was found between career success (before and during COVID) and extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. A negative relationship was found with negative emotionality. Career success during COVID (but not before COVID) was positively associated with open mindedness. Career success was significantly lower during COVID (M = 3.80, SD = 0.83) compared to before COVID (M = 3.93, SD = 0.80, t(218) = 2.50, p = .01).

Discussion. The data suggests that academic success can predict career success. The results also build on previous research and supports the hypothesis that different personality traits are correlated with both academic success and career success. This information contributes to a clearer understanding of the predictive qualities of success. Personality factors such as being outgoing, compliant, and responsible are associated with more academic success and career success. This could be due to the social aspect of success and what other people value. Individuals who are more extroverted and agreeable may be more likely to build social connections and do what is expected of them. By acknowledging how one’s success in school and one’s personality can influence success in the workforce, people may be able to put effort into developing successful skills and traits that will lead them to success in the future. The affect that a pandemic has on career success should be taken into account as well. The results show that during COVID, career success was reported to be significantly lower than before COVID, possible due to the stress of a massive change in society and lifestyle.

Keywords: academic success, career success, personality

Department

Psychology

Location

Winona, MN

Presentation Type

Video (Prerecorded-MP4)

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Personality and Career Study

Winona, MN

Background. Success is a goal that many people strive for. It is important to understand which factors such as personality traits lead to success and if success in an academic setting can predict success in a career setting. This is because being a successful individual can lead to both physical and psychological benefits. If someone can learn about how to become more successful, they can acknowledge their strengths and weakness and implement changes into their life. Therefore, it was hypothesized that greater academic success will predict greater career success. Furthermore, there will be a significant positive correlation between academic success and conscientiousness and there will be a significant positive correlation between career success and conscientiousness, and extraversion. Lastly, there will be a significant decrease in career success during COVID-19 than before COVID-19.

Methods. Participants (N = 353, MAge = 45.69, SD = 15.98) completed an online survey, answering questions about academic success, career success (before and during COVID), and personality. A linear regression and correlations were computed to understand the relationship between these variables. A paired samples t-test was performed to determine career success before and during COVID.

Results. A positive and significant correlation was found between academic success and extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, open mindedness, and career success (both before and during COVID). A negative and significant correlation was found between academic success and negative emotionality. A positive and significant correlation was found between career success (before and during COVID) and extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. A negative relationship was found with negative emotionality. Career success during COVID (but not before COVID) was positively associated with open mindedness. Career success was significantly lower during COVID (M = 3.80, SD = 0.83) compared to before COVID (M = 3.93, SD = 0.80, t(218) = 2.50, p = .01).

Discussion. The data suggests that academic success can predict career success. The results also build on previous research and supports the hypothesis that different personality traits are correlated with both academic success and career success. This information contributes to a clearer understanding of the predictive qualities of success. Personality factors such as being outgoing, compliant, and responsible are associated with more academic success and career success. This could be due to the social aspect of success and what other people value. Individuals who are more extroverted and agreeable may be more likely to build social connections and do what is expected of them. By acknowledging how one’s success in school and one’s personality can influence success in the workforce, people may be able to put effort into developing successful skills and traits that will lead them to success in the future. The affect that a pandemic has on career success should be taken into account as well. The results show that during COVID, career success was reported to be significantly lower than before COVID, possible due to the stress of a massive change in society and lifestyle.

Keywords: academic success, career success, personality