This paper explores the literature regarding relationship-based interventions for building caregiver capabilities in at-risk families to improve Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health (IECMH). An overview of IECMH establishes the importance of early intervention in preventing more severe mental health issues across the lifespan, followed by a discussion of caregiver roles in early childhood development, presentation of IECMH issues, and the complexity of risk factors for maladaptive outcomes. A case is made for relationship-based interventions performed within the home, such as Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) and Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC), as most efficacious in reducing barriers and achieving desired outcomes.

Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Dawnette Cigrand

Unique Identifier




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