Through a literature review, the treatment needs of women who are incarcerated with a dual diagnosis, both mental health and substance use disorder, will be addressed and evaluated. Specifically, this literature review will examine the impact of trauma and mental health disorders on creating addictive patterns. Since it is common for incarcerated women to have dual diagnoses, there is a need for effective and reachable treatment modalities when approaching incarcerated women. Much of the jail/prison sentences do not specifically address the recovery and treatment demands the women need to overcome trauma and substance use. This lack of availability typically renders substantial increases in recidivism and re-incarceration. Counselorspecific approaches that may be helpful include cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, seeking safety, acceptance commitment therapy, group versus individual counseling and self-compassion. Specific multicultural approaches will be addressed as well.

Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Dawnette Cigrand

Unique Identifier



Educational use only. All copyright protections apply.



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