Over the past few decades, the typical family structure has changed greatly. Now more than ever, we have seen an increase in single parents, absent parents, blended families, and custodial grandparents (Parenting in America, 2015). One might wonder how these changes impact the success and development of a child, for better or for worse. This paper is a consolidation of the literature that has investigated parental involvement and student success. Further, the implications for students who experience parental absence on their academic, social-emotional, and overall well-being is also discussed.

Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Dawnette Cigrand

Unique Identifier




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