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This paper explores the dual nature of Alexander the Great’s policies of expansion during his reign from 336 to 323. It demonstrates the Persepolis was not an anomaly. Rather Alexander’s rule was more multifaceted than scholars have previously recognized. In places like Persepolis, Alexander would show his true side. As his power grew, he began to believe, he was, in fact, a god. In this logic those that resisted him would meet a punishment befitting those who disobeyed a deity. That day he would slaughter men, women, and children. That day he would burn the city to the ground, destroying any architecture or artwork that had existed there. That day was an insight to Alexander’s dual sided nature: while he may show compassion, anyone who threatened his conquest or image immediately became expendable.

First Advisor

Bates, Juandrea


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