Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper


Counselor Education

First Advisor

Eric Baltrinic


The current paper explores challenges the Hmong community has endured that may hinder the relationship between school counselors and Hmong students. Considerations of the mental health, parent-child relationships, gender role expectations, first generation students, religion, and academic motivation are necessary when working with Hmong students and their families. Diversity Programs in Early Childhood may help the counseling process be more effective and address the role of Multicultural Competencies for school counselors. Suggestions for school counselors working with Hmong students and their families are offered including implementing diverse guidance lessons, cultural awareness conferences, volunteering and/or attending Hmong events in the community, and hosting nights specifically for Hmong parents.

Unique Identifier



Educational use only. All copyright protections apply.



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