Date of Award


Document Type

Capstone Paper


Counselor Education


The way individuals perceive events and situations has been shown to be as important, often more important, than the events or situations themselves (Schiff, 1981). Often times, individuals are oblivious to the impact that internal factors such as past experiences and biases have on behaviors and choices. In turn, external factors, such as triggers in the environment, can result in reactions as opposed to responses. These reactions may have negative consequences, as there is minimal, or no thought involved. For counselors, these consequences can influence the progress and well-being of clients as well as the perceptions others hold of the counselor’s competence (Henderson, Robey, Dunham & Dermer, 2013). William Glasser, creator of reality therapy and choice theory, also offers that a key factor in becoming an effective clinician is to understand one’s own worldview and to utilize theories of counseling that are congruent with that worldview (Wubbolding, 2007). Going forward, this paper will explore what perceptions are, several examples of factors that influence them, and how they are addressed through Glasser’s choice theory in both school and community counseling settings to foster more positive outcomes for clients.

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