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An article regarding storm water and its contribution to contaminants in bodies of water, filed for reference to Lake Winona. Abstract: "Storm water quality can have a significant impact on receiving water bodies. Two of the major impacts can be to aquatic life in the receiving water body and downstream water users that might use the water as a raw water source for drinking water. With increased understanding of the importance of drinking water quality to public health and the recognition that protecting raw water sources is an integral component of the water treatment process, there is a greater need to identify possible contaminants found in storm water that impact the receiving water quality. Presented is a literature review to identify and quantify contaminant data available on storm water. The article focuses on work that presented specific chemical, physical, and biological parameters rather than the traditionally used overall water quality parameters, such as biochemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids. To assess impacts and to put into perspective the importance of the reported concentrations, values were compared with pertinent guidelines, regulations, and levels that have been reported to cause possible adverse impacts." Originally published in Critical Reviews in environmental Science and Technology, volume 25, number 2, 1995. Folder titled "Lake Winona - Storm H2O." 47 pages. Part of the Cal R. Fremling Collection.

Publication Date


Item Type





Winona, Minnesota


Lake Winona; Stormwater; Management; Pollution


Special Collections-Library



Rights Management

Requests to reproduce this image must be granted by the Winona County Historical Society.

Contributing Institution

Winona County History Center

Master File Format


Fiscal Sponsor

This project has been financed in part with funds provided by the State of Minnesota from the Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund through the Minnesota Historical Society.

Scanning Responsibility

Winona State University

Date Digital

2019-07-24 00:00

Metadata Creation Responsibility

Anna Gaffey

Unique Identifier


Urban Stormwater Quality: summary of contaminant data



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